What is hypertension?
Hypertension occurs when blood pressure reaches unhealthy levels. It is a relatively common condition and, if left untreated, can lead to other serious health conditions like heart attack and stroke.
What are the symptoms?
Although many people with high blood pressure will not experience any symptoms, some signs of severe hypertension include dizziness, headaches, chest pains, shortness of breath, blood in the urine and changes to vision.
How is it diagnosed?
In order to diagnose hypertension, Dr Shaikh will begin by taking a blood pressure reading. If the reading shows that your blood pressure is high, he may request additional readings over the course of several days or weeks to confirm the results.
If your blood pressure is consistently high, more tests will be recommended in order to rule out any underlying conditions. Some of these tests may include a cholesterol screening, blood tests, urine tests, an ultrasound of your heart and kidneys, and an electrocardiogram to check the electrical activity of your heart. Based on the results of these tests, Dr Shaikh will be able to determine if any secondary issues are causing your high blood pressure.
How can it be treated?
If Dr Shaikh diagnoses you with primary hypertension, he may recommend some lifestyle changes that can be helpful in reducing your blood pressure. In some cases, medication may be prescribed.
If Dr Shaikh identifies an underlying issue that is causing the condition, the underlying condition will be treated first. If hypertension persists despite this, Dr Shaikh may formulate a treatment plan that combines lifestyle changes and prescription medications. Every patient is different, so Dr Shaikh will work closely with you to ensure that your treatment plan suits your specific needs. In some cases, you may need to try different medications or a combination of medications until you find a formulation that works for you.